Sir William Burrell’s Nearly Gift to London.

As most people know Sir William Burrell made a gift of his extensive collection to the City of Glasgow in 1944. What perhaps is lesser known is that for the previous eight years he tried to give it to ‘the Nation’ and have it sited in London. Part of that story is told in a series of letters held by the National Archives.

During 1935 Sir Eric Maclagan, director of the Victoria and Albert Museum in London visited Sir William Burrell at Hutton Castle. The object of the visit was to discuss Burrell’s proposed gift of his collection to the Nation. Subsequently on the 25th November of that year Burrell wrote to Sir Eric as he felt it necessary to clarify his intentions with respect to his collection. Essentially the letter contained a number of conditions that would have to be met. They included that the collection would be housed in London, it should be an entirely new museum and not be a part of any other, the Government should pay for the new museum’s upkeep, and that it should have its own staff headed by a director. Sir William also proposed to bequeath a large sum of money which would be used to buy additions to the collection. He finished by writing that if the collection was not accepted by the Nation (which meant agreeing to his conditions), he had made arrangements for it to go elsewhere.

As far as the letters in the National Archives are concerned that was that until 1942. On the 6th April Burrell wrote to the art and antique dealer Frank Partridge referring to a recent conversation they had. Partridge appears to have been used as an intermediary/negotiator between the government and Burrell as the letter refers to an enclosure which again contained the conditions attached to his gift, and a list of his collection’s locations which were generally in England. He asked Partridge to pass on this document to a Major Cazalet*, along with a photograph of Hutton Castle, so that he could have both on him when seeing “Mr. Eden or Mr. Churchill”. He added that he had spent £43,000 on the castle structure after he bought it.

The enclosure began by Burrell saying that he understood that the country was engaged in a life and death struggle and that the Prime Minister and the government were being overwhelmed with work and that his timing was inopportune. He added he had delayed for that reason for three years but was concerned that as he was now in his early eighties he would die before his gift had been accepted. He stated that he wanted the collection to stay in England and not to be sold off after his death, in particular to American museums.

As before he wanted the collection to be located in London as that would allow it to be seen by a larger numbers of visitors than it would be anywhere else. Whilst not mentioned, it is understood he still wished it to be housed in a new museum. He also indicated that he would bequeath the whole of his estate (the collection and everything else) to be managed by g0vernment trustees for the purchase of “fine things” for the collection. In an aside he stated that his daughter had already been provided for.

Finally he wanted to leave Hutton Castle  and its 1,800 acres, with good partridge and pheasant shooting, as a holiday resort for Government Ministers.

At this time his collection was housed in various locations including the National Gallery, the Tate (300 pictures), the cathedrals of Salisbury, Ely, Winchester and Chichester, Kelvingrove Museum in Glasgow, and various other museums in places such as Oxford, Cambridge, Leeds, Edinburgh and Birmingham.

On the 17th April a note (marked secret) was sent from the Treasury to C.H. Wakely, Inland Revenue Commissioner, requiring financial and taxation information to be established. The writer states that Sir Horace J. Wilson** of the Treasury believes the collection is valued at £1,000,000, he wants to understand the extent of Burrell’s wealth as shown by income producing assets, and the potential taxation and estate duty liabilities if any. He stated that certain artistic items would not attract estate duty, however was of the belief that there was no provision for relief from estate duty generally and that an estate valued at £1,000,000, liable for 60% would lose the Exchequer £600,000 and essentially that would mean they were paying for the bequest. Nonetheless Wakely, with others, was asked to determine the exact situation and identify the relevant estate duty provisions.

Sir Eric Maclagan wrote to Sir Horace Wilson on the 18th April referring to his meeting with Burrell in 1935. He indicated that he had advised Burrell that his conditions were likely to be costly due to the size of building required and its location in central London, and was unclear as to who was paying for it (hence Burrell’s letter of the 25th November 1935). He also was concerned about the number of staff required. Maclagan expressed the view to Burrell that he should consider linking any bequest to an existing museum, the Victoria and Albert say. As the letter of the 25th November indicates that was not acceptable.

Also on the 18th April an internal Treasury note (again marked secret) was sent to the Chancellor of the Exchequer Sir John Anderson, possibly from Sir John Henry Wood, Private Assistant Secretary to the Chancellor. In it the writer states that he had been given Burrell’s written proposal, as per the 6th April 1942, by Major Cazalet. He goes on to say that Cazalet (a friend and supporter of Churchill) believes the Prime Minister should write to Burrell accepting his offer. The writer of the note does not support that saying that there are complications and that he would investigate those. He also adds that he has consulted Sir Eric Maclagan, Sir Kenneth Clark (Director of the National Gallery and of ‘Civilisation’ fame)and Sir Alan Barlow (Treasury), who discussed the proposal with John Rothenstein (Director of the Tate Gallery). All of these individuals agreed that the collection included a number of fine objects but also had a considerable number of items that were not particularly noteworthy. In an attached handwritten note John Rothenstein is quoted as saying that of the paintings in the Tate, some are first rate but the majority are of a type and standard well represented in other London galleries and that they would be better off in provincial galleries. Building a museum which would house such paintings would be a waste of money.

The rest of the note repeats previous concerns about building costs and operating expenses, and taxation issues, and states that there is a general antipathy to the establishment of a separate museum or museums to house the collection. It concludes by saying that the Prime Minister should write to Burrell stating his appreciation of the offer but that some negotiation would be required to deal with points raised. The writer suggested Mr. R A Butler (Rab) should be the PM’s delegate in this matter.

On the 21st April C.H. Wakely wrote to Sir Horace Wilson detailing his answers to the questions raised in the Treasury note of the 17th April. He confirmed that pictures and other works of art that are bequeathed “for national purposes” are exempt from estate duty. He also confirmed that any monies bequeathed to establish and maintain an Art Gallery would not get estate duty relief. He added however that any gift made to the crown before death would be exempt. He also reiterated, as others had, that any exemption to estate duty made the Exchequer a ‘contributor’ to the purpose behind the exemption. A hand written comment on the letter stated that Burrell’s income producing assets were £600,000.

There followed three pages of detailed analysis of the treatment of death duties in a variety of circumstances.

In a letter of the 23rd April to Sir William the writer, having seen Burrell’s letter to Frank Partridge of the 6th April, offered to visit Hutton Castle to discuss what he described as “your magnificent offer”. He also said that if he would prefer to deal with a member of government then he would arrange it. This suggests the letter writer, whose address was given as The Dorchester, may have been Eric Maclagan or Kenneth Clark.

On the 11th May a note from the Inland Revenue to Sir Horace Wilson  states that Hutton Castle and the estate are owned by the Hutton Estate Company Ltd. which was formed in 1921, practically all of the shares being held by Sir William.

Thereafter all is quiet until the 11th August when Sir Eric Maclagan writes to Sir Alan Barlow to say that he understood the Burrell affair had ended in silence. Barlow replies on the 13th August saying that no more has been heard about it and that the assumption is that the proposal is dead.

Well, not quite. On the 11th November Alan Barlow received a letter from A. R. Wood Comptroller of London County Council’s department of Subject and Policy in which he states that Burrell now appears to want to hand over his collection to the Council. Mr. Wood fundamentally repeats all the questions asked previously and seeks the Treasury’s view on tax and exemption. Sir Alan’s reply on the 12th was that if bequeathed to the council  the collection would be free from death duties as would a gift if he died within twelve months. He also adds that for any associated endowment fund there is a prime facie case for assuming that fund income would not be taxed however a definitive answer would depend on the terms of the trust.

A. R. Wood responded to Barlow’s letter on the 24th November saying that the council had decided to accept a formal offer of the collection with the proviso that it did not entail an excessive charge on the rates. He also indicated that the Council would prefer that Sir William handed over his collection and greater part of his other estate to trustees and that after one year these trustees would offer the collection et al to London County Council. He also adds that if London did not accept it at this time the gift should be offered to other local authorities named in the Trust Deed so that it could be available for public view in one place or in several. He then goes on again to ask about death duties and other taxation, pretty much as before. He closes by saying that he hopes that contact will be made with Sir William through Sir Kenneth Clark.

On the 25th November Barlow wrote to the Chairman of the Inland Revenue Board Sir Cornelius Gregg stating the Burrell was now “coquetting” with London County Council. He refers to the letters sent to him by A.R. Wood on the 11th and 24th November and asks for advice on what to reply on the proposed Trust and its possible liabilities.

Gregg’s advice came on the 2nd December which was fundamentally no different from that given previously by other Treasury and Revenue personnel. The only additional point he made was that the Trust should not sin “against the rule against perpetuities”. He also adds, as others had, that the terms of the Trust need to be seen before finally deciding on the matter. Barlow in a letter to A.R. Wood on the 3rd December passed on all that Gregg’s letter contained.

The last entries in the Archives documents states the following: Undated but has to be circa December 1942 into early 1943 – ” No further developments, no obituary, no index reference.  11th November 1943 – as above. 9th February 1944 – as above.”

Archive References: T273/52 CS96662 and IR62/2054 C619691.

What came next was that on the 24th January 1944 a special meeting of Glasgow Corporation’s Art Galleries committee was convened to consider Sir William’s proposed gift/bequest of his collection to Glasgow. On the 2nd of February the same committee recommended that the Corporation should accept the offer. By the 18th April 1944 it was all done and dusted, with the completion of the Memorandum of Agreement.

Glasgow Corporation References: Glasgow Corporation Minutes November 1943-April 1944. Mitchell Library Reference C1/3/109.

Page 396 – 24th January 1944, Page 460 – 2nd February 1944, Page 816 – 18th April 1944.

Why did Burrell change his mind? He clearly wanted his collection to be regarded as, at least, of European importance, hence his desire to have it housed in London and in a specifically created museum. Time was clearly pressing for him because of his age and that may have created significant impatience with the whole London/taxation  process. He was a difficult man to deal with anyway, his frustration would add to that, especially if he felt thwarted, he was a man who liked to get his own way by all accounts. The key issue seems to have been Glasgow’s willingness to be liable for all taxation/duty although the expectation was there would be none. The Corporation also became liable for all insurance, storage, and other expenses connected with the collection, from the date of the gift.

* Major Victor Alexander Cazalet was Conservative MP for Chippenham. Prior to WWII he had supported Winston Churchill against the appeasement of Germany. During the war he became the liasion between the War Office and the leader of the Polish Government in Exile General Sikorski. They were both killed, along with thirteen others, on the 4th July 1943 when their aircraft crashed taking off from Gibralter. He was a great friend of the parents of film actress Elizabeth Taylor and was her godfather. http://www.chch.ox.ac.uk/fallen-alumni/colonel-victor-alexander-cazalet

** Sir Horace John Wilson was a civil servant who supported the Chamberlain government’s appeasement policy before the war, becoming a  significant confidant of the prime minister. He was appointed permanent secretary to the Treasury and head of the civil service in 1939. When Churchill became prime minister he was  banned from Number Ten because of appeasement and was eventually forced to retire in August 1942, having made enemies of Churchill and also Clement Attlee, because of his influence in rejecting the Labour party’s economic (Keynesian) policies of the late 1920s. http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/31844?docPos=1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Captain Campbell of Jura (1880-1971)

In June 1945 Captain Campbell of Jura donated two paintings to Kelvingrove. The first by the Scottish portrait painter Colvin Smith was titled ‘Daughters of Colin Campbell of Jura’, the other by Scottish landscape artist Gourlay Steel was called ‘Deer Stalking on Jura’, painted circa 1870.[i]

The genus of Campbell control of Jura began in the 15th century when John McDonald entered into a treaty with Edward IV of England from which he anticipated he would become King of a large part of Scotland. This was not to be and the treaty proved to be undoing of Clan Donald paving the way for a long period of Clan Campbell control of Jura from the 17th century on.[ii] The first Laird was Duncan Campbell of the House of Lochnell. He was born in 1596 and died in 1695, being succeeded by his son John Campbell. There were to be 11 lairds in total from the early 1600s to 1971 when the last one died.[iii] The succession line was a mixture of father to son and brother to brother, particularly in the 19th century when three sons of the sixth Laird Colin Campbell inherited the title, their combined ‘tenure’ totalling fifty three years from 1848 to 1901.

Colin Campbell was born on the 8th November 1772[iv] to Archibald and Sarah Campbell.[v] He married Isabella Hamilton Dundas Dennistoun in 1806 and was described as a merchant in Glasgow.[vi] What his business activities were is not entirely clear however he was involved in the Caribbean sugar trade through Campbell, Rivers & Co.[vii] and is described as a ‘name partner’ in the research report ‘Legacies of British Slave-ownership’ by University College London.[viii] His father-in-law Richard Dennistoun is also named as partner in the company and was also a partner in George and Robert Dennistoun and Co and Dennistoun, Buchanan and Co., both companies heavily involved in the trade. [ix]

Colin’s sisters Anne Penelope and Barbara both married individuals who were shareholders or partners in companies involved in the Caribbean. In 1797 Anne married Robert Dennistoun, son of Richard Dennistoun.[x] He was against the anti-slavery movement and was a founder member of the Glasgow West India Association which was formed to resist that movement.[xi] When slavery was finally abolished his trust, he died in 1815[xii], represented by his widow, his brother in law Colin and others as trustees were awarded compensation of £12,545 14s 9d in 1836 for the freeing of 253 slaves on three plantations he or his company owned in Trinidad.[xiii]

Barbara married Alexander Campbell of Hallyards in 1800[xiv], a cousin of John Campbell senior and one of the original partners of John Campbell, senior & Co.[xv], a major Scottish company in the sugar trade.

There were eleven,[xvi] possibly twelve children of the marriage between Colin and Isabella, five or six sons and six daughters, three of whom are in the portrait by Colvin Smith.

Smith was born 1796 and between 1811 and 1822 studied at Edinburgh University, travelled to London, Antwerp and Paris, where he studied in the Louvre. In 1826 he was in Rome, returning to Edinburgh the following year. The painting must have been completed sometime after 1827 when Smith returned to Scotland and before 1875 when he died.[xvii]

Figure 1 The Daughters of Captain Campbell of Jura  © CSG GIC Glasgow Museums Collection.(http://www.artuk.org)

The painting is of young ladies. Three of the daughters had married by 1838 and it seems unlikely that they are the subjects of the painting. It is therefore reasonable to assume that the painting is of the three unmarried daughters and was done after 1838 and probably before Colin’s death in 1848 at which time all three remained unmarried. I suspect it was probably painted around the early 1840s, say 1841, the age of the three daughters Mary Lyon, Ann Caroline and Barbara being at that time 21, 22 and 17 years respectively.[xviii]

One of these daughters, Mary Lyon Campbell did eventually marry in 1852[xix] Dr. James Loftus Marsden, a homeothapist and practitioner of water therapy to cure or prevent illness. Marsden was a widower with five daughters and was not without controversy. Nor was Mary Lyon. She had become a patient of his in 1851 after a bad fall from a horse in 1849 which apparently left her unable to walk. She was cured and it seems that subsequently they became lovers. This however was not the first time that Mary had an affair.

Her sister Isabella Dundas[xx] had married Lachlan Macquarie in 1836[xxi]. In 1841, age 21 years, whilst living with her sister and her husband on the Isle of Mull Mary was accused of sleeping with her brother-in-law. In January of the following year Lachlan was forced to write to his father-in-law denying the rumours blaming them on his in house medical advisor. However the gossip damaged her reputation within the close knit and interconnected Highland community and probably adversely impacted on her local marriage opportunities.[xxii]

Colin died on the 6th September 1848 having succeeded his elder brother James as laird in 1838.[xxiii] His estate was valued at £49,609,[xxiv] a considerable sum for the time, worth somewhere between £5m and £155m today dependant on the measure used.[xxv] In his Trust Deed and Settlement his trustees included his sons Archibald, an advocate, who as the eldest son succeeded him as Laird, and Richard, and George Scheviz, a partner in Campbell Rivers & Co.[xxvi]

Just over £20,000 of his estate was cash deposited with the Western Bank.[xxvii] This bank was formed in Glasgow in 1832 and in its short history, had several periods of liquidity problems resulting in it eventually collapsing in 1857 through bad management and three major customers defaulting on loans amounting to £1.2 million. At that time it was the second largest bank in Scotland with 1280 shareholders and 101 branches, the larger being the Royal Bank of Scotland.[xxviii]

Archibald Campbell was Laird for only three years, dying unmarried in 1851[xxix], age 43.[xxx] His estate was valued at £53,259, which included £218 cash deposited with the Western Bank, but more crucially 350 shares in the bank valued at £22,529.[xxxi] When the bank failed in 1857 its shareholders not only lost their paid up capital of £2 million but had to provide a further £1.1 million to pay off all its liabilities.[xxxii] That, in due course, became his brother, Richard Dennistoun Campbell’s problem, who succeeded him and was Laird for twenty seven years. [xxxiii]  Whilst the Campbells remained a very wealthy family this event set in motion a train of events which saw them gradually divest themselves of their properties, the last of the Jura estate being sold in 1938 by the eleventh and last Laird of Jura Charles Graham Campbell,[xxxiv] who was the Captain Campbell who donated the paintings to Kelvingrove.

Figure 2 Deer Stalking on Jura © CSG GIC Glasgow Museums Collection.(http://www.artuk.org)

The painting by Gourlay Steel ‘Deer Stalking on Jura’ includes four figures, who are as follows, from left to right, Neil Clark, gamekeeper Angus McKay, the Laird Richard Dennistoun Campbell, and Angus McKay jnr.[xxxv]

In 1875 the Campbells owned twenty three properties on Jura including crofts, a distillery, the school house, shootings, Jura House, woodlands and pauper’s houses.[xxxvi] Richard died in 1878, unmarried,[xxxvii] the title passing to the fourth son James, born in 1818 in Glasgow[xxxviii]. The third born son Colin, died in 1827 aged 11 years.[xxxix]

James married Mary Campbell in 1848 at Treesbanks in Ayrshire.[xl] They had seven children, five daughters, two of whom were born in Germany, and two sons,[xli] the youngest boy dying aged two years in 1857.[xlii]  James and his family lived at various locations between 1851 and 1901 including Edinburgh (with his mother Isabella at West Coates House[xliii]), Ayr,[xliv] Tunbridge Wells[xlv] and Kensington.[xlvi] They also lived in Germany for some time it would appear as two of their daughters Christiana and Jessie were born there in 1859 and 1863 respectively.[xlvii] He lived the life of a landed proprietor with no obvious occupation being recorded in any of the censuses between those years, generally being described as living off ‘interest from money’ or ‘holder of bank stock’.

He died in 1901 at 11 Cornwall Gardens, Kensington. The gross value of his estate was just under £73,000, his wife Mary and brother in law William Hugh Campbell, a colonel in the Royal Scot Fusiliers, being his executors.[xlviii]

Mary died in 1909 in Kensington leaving her estate to her unmarried daughters, of whom there were four, and to her youngest daughter Jessie[xlix] who had married Allan Gordon Cameron in 1885.[l]  They had twin boys, Allan Gordon and James Frederick, in 1892[li] both of whom became officers in the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders. Allan won the Military Cross in 1917,[lii] and James was awarded the Military Cross in 1916,[liii] and Bar in 1917,[liv] and finally the Distinguished Service Order in 1918.[lv]

James and Mary’s only living son Colin, who was born in 1851[lvi], succeeded to the title becoming the 10th and penultimate Laird of Jura. Between 1860 and 1862 he was a pupil at Loretto School [lvii] and, later on, attended the Royal Military College at Sandhurst.[lviii] He joined the 91st Highlanders serving in Enniskillen in Northern Ireland which was where he was resident when he married his wife Frances Monteath Sidey in 1876.[lix] She was born in New Zealand[lx] the daughter of Charles Sidey and Allison Isabella Walker who married in New South Wales in 1854.[lxi]

Both Charles and Allison were born in Perth, Scotland in 1823[lxii] and 1834[lxiii] respectively and according to the 1871 Scottish census had at least nine children, six of whom were born in New South Wales, two in New Zealand, and the last in Edinburgh, Charles being described as a retired settler in Australia.[lxiv]  In 1881 he is a ‘retired squatter’[lxv], and by 1901, now resident in London, he is living on his own means.[lxvi]

Colin Campbell did not remain in the army for long as in the 1881 census he was described as a ‘late lieutenant in the 91st Highlanders’[lxvii]. The censuses following 1881 cite no obvious occupation for him except to refer to him as ex-army or, in 1911, when he and his wife were staying at the Pulteney Hotel in Bath, as a ‘Landed Proprietor’.[lxviii]  He did however have other duties. He was a justice of the Peace, Deputy Lord Lieutenant for Argyllshire (1914-1918), head coast watcher for Jura, and from 1890 to 1897 was Government Inspector in Technical Education in Agriculture.[lxix]

He and Frances had four sons and two daughters, born between 1877 and 1894.[lxx] The sons all saw military service in the army. The eldest James Archibald Lochnell Campbell (b.1879)[lxxi] joined the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders in 1900 and served in South Africa, Northern Nigeria and Malta. In 1914 he went to France with the 6th Battalion Gordon Highlanders,[lxxii]  subsequently being killed in battle at Neuve Chapelle in 1915, three days after his 36th birthday.[lxxiii]

The youngest son Ronald Walker Francis Campbell (b.1888)[lxxiv] also died during the Great War. He went to France with the Royal Fusiliers and was severely injured during the Battle of the Somme in 1916.[lxxv]He died of his injuries in a military hospital in Manchester later that year.[lxxvi]

The other sons were more fortunate. Charles Graham Campbell, the second eldest, was initially not accepted for military service as he had only one eye. Late in 1914 he was given a commission in the Royal Field Artillery and posted to East Africa where at some point he was attached to the headquarters of General Smuts. He served in Africa until 1917 at which time he was sent to France, remaining there until the end of the war.[lxxvii] The third son Colin Richard Campbell (1885)[lxxviii] also served in the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, eventually returning home at the end of hostilities.[lxxix]

Noblesse oblige indeed!

Colin Campbell died in Eastbourne in 1933 leaving £51,290[lxxx], having previously made the estate over to his son Charles.[lxxxi]

The eleventh and last Campbell Laird of Jura, Charles Graham Campbell was born in Edinburgh in 1880[lxxxii]. He was educated at St Paul’s School London, having previously attended Colet Court, the preparatory school for St Paul’s. He served an engineering apprenticeship with James Simpson and Co. of Pimlico from 1898 to 1900, then as a pupil with the same company from May 1901 until December 1902 when he was proposed for membership of the Institute of Mechanical Engineers,[lxxxiii] becoming  a graduate member on the 16th January 1903.[lxxxiv]

The following years saw him travelling to Canada, New Zealand, Australia, and the USA where he undertook a variety of occupations including gold digging (Alaska), farming, and cattle, sheep and horse raising. He spent eighteen months in the Chilliwick Valley in British Columbia ranching and fruit packing eventually becoming an engineer to the first successful fruit cannery there. He returned to Scotland for a short period before returning to Australia where, in 1910, he bought his own station at Kooringarro, New South Wales where he raised horses.[lxxxv] In 1913 he was a registered voter for the district of Wollondilly, listed as a pastoralist at Kooringgarro[lxxxvi]. When war broke out he returned home and as described before, eventually joined the Royal Field Artillery. He left the army in 1920 and went on his travels again, visiting Australia, Canada, Java and New Zealand, returning home via the South Sea Islands and the Panama Canal.[lxxxvii]

He married Deborah Sylvester Lambarde at Eastbourne in 1930.[lxxxviii] She had been born in 1904 and was the daughter of William Gore Lambarde, Lord of the Manor of Ash and Ridley in Kent, and Florence Lucy Fetherstonhaugh, the family home being Bradbourne Hall in Kent.[lxxxix]

Charles sold the last of the Campbell’s Jura estate in 1938 to William Riley-Smith of Tadcaster, Yorkshire, the final impact of the Western Bank failure in 1857.[xc] He subsequently bought a small estate in Melrose where he and his wife lived. [xci] They continued to travel going to Ceylon in 1955 (Sri Lanka)[xcii] and South Africa in 1958.[xciii]. He died in St Marylebone, London in 1971[xciv].

Of the 10th Laird’s offspring only Charles and his brother James married, James marrying Dorothy Rosalinda Frances Black in April 1914 before he went France.[xcv] A month after James died in France his wife gave birth to a daughter Celia in London.

Charles Graham Campbell was therefore the last Laird of the line from Duncan Campbell in all respects, which is perhaps not surprising. Legend has it that one of his ancestors evicted an old lady from property on Jura who cursed him and his descendants by saying that the last of the Campbells will be one eyed. “He will leave the island and all that he will take with him will be carried to the ship on a cart drawn by a white horse.”

In the event that’s how Charles apparently left the island after he sold it, with his family possessions, presumably including the two paintings he donated to Kelvingrove in 1945, on a cart pulled by a grey horse that was turning white ! [xcvi]

[i] Glasgow Museums. GMRC Object files.

[ii] Isle of Jura History. http://isleofjura.scot/isle-of-jura-history/

[iii] Johnston, G Harvey. (1920) The Heraldry of the Campbells. Vol.1 Edinburgh: W. & A. K. Johnston Ltd. pps. 34,35. https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps_pid=IE94700

[iv]  Clan MacFarlane and associated clans genealogy. Kilearnadail Graveyard Jura, Monumental Inscriptions. http://www.clanmacfarlanegenealogy.info/genealogy/TNGWebsite/getperson.php?personID=I9631&tree=CC

[v] Ibid

[vi] Marriages (OPR) Scotland. Glasgow. 18 August 1806. CAMPBELL, Colin and DENNISTOUN, Isabella Hamilton. 644/1 280 49. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[vii] Stephen Mullen (2015) ‘The Great Glasgow West India House of John Campbell, senior and Co’. In: Devine T.M. ed. Recovering Scotland’s Slavery Past. p.128.

[viii] University College London: Legacies of British Slave Ownership

https://www.ucl.ac.uk/lbs/firm/view/-641488528

[ix] It should be noted that there was another Colin Campbell, of Colgrain, son of John Campbell, senior, who was involved with these companies. Stephen Mullen (2015) ‘The Great Glasgow West India House of John Campbell, senior and Co’. In: Devine T.M. ed. Recovering Scotland’s Slavery Past. p.124.

[x] Marriages (OPR) Scotland. Glasgow. 2 October 1797. DENNISTOUN, Robert and CAMPBELL, Anne Penelope. 644/1 270 239. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xi] University College London: Legacies of British Slave Ownership https://www.ucl.ac.uk/lbs/person/view/2146635336

[xii] Testamentary Records Scotland. 27 August 1815. DENNISTOUN, Robert. Glasgow Sheriff Court Wills. SC36/48/10. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xiii] University College London: Legacies of British Slave Ownership https://www.ucl.ac.uk/lbs/person/view/28579

[xiv] Marriages (OPR) Scotland. Glasgow. 2 October 1800. CAMPBELL, Alexander and CAMPBELL, Barbara. 644/1 270 300. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xv] Stephen Mullen (2015) ‘The Great Glasgow West India House of John Campbell, senior and Co’. In: Devine T.M. ed. Recovering Scotland’s Slavery Past. p.128.

[xvi] Births (OPR) Scotland. Glasgow. Searches 1806 – 1830. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xvii] Cust, L.H. (2004) ‘Smith, Colvin (1796-1875).’ In: Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

[xviii] Births (OPR) Scotland. Glasgow. 19 November 1820. CAMPBELL, Mary Lyon. 644/1 300 138; 7 September 1819. CAMPBELL, Ann Caroline. 644/1 220 257; 8 March 1824. CAMPBELL, Barbara. 644/1 310 371. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xix] Marriages (OPR) Scotland. St Cuthbert’s, Edinburgh. 9 December 1852. MARSDEN, James Loftus and CAMPBELL, Mary Lyon. 685/2 470 592. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xx] Births (OPR) Scotland. Glasgow. 9 June 1815. CAMPBELL, Isabella Dundas. 644/1 210 227. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xxi] Marriages (OPR) Scotland. Glasgow. 18 January 1836 MACQUARIE, Lachlan and CAMPBELL, Isabella Hamilton Dundas. 685/1 650 78. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xxii] Conolly, Pauline (2014) The Water Doctors Daughters. London: Robert Hale. Chapters 7, 8. https://books.google.co.uk/books?isbn=0719814812

[xxiii] Johnston, G Harvey. (1920) The Heraldry of the Campbells. Vol.1 Edinburgh: W. & A. K. Johnston Ltd. pps. 34,35. https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps_pid=IE94700

[xxiv] Testamentary Records Scotland. 15 March 1849. CAMPBELL, Colin. Dunoon Sheriff Courts. SC51/32/6. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xxv] Measuring Worth (2016). https://www.measuringworth.com/m/calculators/ukcompare/

[xxvi] Testamentary Records Scotland. 15 March 1849. CAMPBELL, Colin. Dunoon Sheriff Courts. SC51/32/6. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xxvii] Ibid

[xxviii] RBS Heritage Hub. Western Bank of Scotland. http://heritagearchives.rbs.com/companies/list/western-bank-of-scotland.htm

[xxix] Johnston, G Harvey. (1920) The Heraldry of the Campbells. Vol.1 Edinburgh: W. & A. K. Johnston Ltd. p. 35. https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps_pid=IE94700

[xxx] Testamentary Records Scotland. 05 April 1852. CAMPBELL, Archibald. Dunoon Sheriff Court. SC51/32/7. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xxxi] Ibid.

[xxxii] RBS Heritage Hub. Western Bank of Scotland. http://heritagearchives.rbs.com/companies/list/western-bank-of-scotland.htm

[xxxiii] Johnston, op. cit.

[xxxiv] Budge, Donald (1960) Jura, An island of Argyll.  Glasgow: John Smith & Son.

[xxxv] Budge. op. cit. frontispiece.

[xxxvi] Valuation Rolls (1875) Scotland. Jura, Argyll. CAMPBELL, Richard Dennistoun. VR008900021. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xxxvii] Deaths (CR) Scotland. Jura, Argyll. 4 November 1878. CAMPBELL, Richard Dennistoun. 539/1 8 http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xxxviii] Births (OPR) Scotland. Glasgow. 25 June 1818. CAMPBELL, James. 644/1 220 71 http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xxxix] Campbell of Jura Mausoleum, Argyll. Born 1816, died 1827. CAMPBELL, Colin. https://www.ancestry.co.uk/media/viewer/viewer/319e233a-21c1-4bc9-85e2-43ce315f1e92/33944861/20455075554

[xl] Marriages (OPR) Scotland. Monkton and Prestwick. 9 March 1848. CAMPBELL, James and CAMPBELL, Mary. 539/1 20 127. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xli] Census. 1871. Scotland. Ayr, Ayrshire. 578/ 12/ 13.  http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xlii] Deaths (CR) Scotland. Ayr, Ayrshire. 1857. CAMPBELL, George James. 578/76 http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xliii] Census. 1851 Scotland. St. Cuthbert, Edinburgh. 685/2 202/ 11 http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xliv] Census. 1871. Scotland. Ayr, Ayrshire. 578/ 12/ 13.  http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xlv] Census. 1881. England. Tunbridge Wells, Kent. ED 13a, 914, 33, p.9. http://ancestry.co.uk

[xlvi] Census. 1891. England. Kensington, London. ED 27, 34, 117, p.25. http://ancestry.co.uk

[xlvii] Census. 1871. Scotland. Ayr, Ayrshire. 578/ 12/ 13.  http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xlviii] Testamentary Records Scotland. 10 February 1901. CAMPBELL, James. Dunoon Sheriff Court Wills. SC51/32/53. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xlix] Testamentary Records Scotland. 8 January 1909. CAMPBELL, Mary. Dunoon Sheriff Court Wills. SC51/32/62. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[l] Marriages (CR) Scotland. St George, Edinburgh. 20 August 1885. CAMERON, Allan Gordon and CAMPBELL, Mary. 685/1 281. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[li] Births. (CR) Scotland. St George, Edinburgh. 21 August 1892. CAMERON, James Frederick and Allan Gordon. 685/1 1401. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[lii] The Gazette. (1917) Supplement 30188, p.7223. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/30188/supplement/7223

[liii] The Gazette. (1916) Supplement 12894, p, 105.

https://www.thegazette.co.uk/Edinburgh/issue/12894/page/105

[liv] The Gazette. (1917) Supplement 13146, p. 2049. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/Edinburgh/issue/13146/page/2049

[lv] The Gazette. (1918) Supplement 13192, p.231. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/Edinburgh/issue/13192/page/231

[lvi] Births (CR) Scotland. Craignish, Argyll. 30 August 1851. CAMPBELL, Colin. 508/ 20 120. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[lvii] Dunford, June C. (2017) Colin Campbell at Loretto School. E-mail to author confirming Campbell’s attendance at the school. 24 April, 09.49. jdunford@loretto.com

[lviii] Budge, op.cit. p. 61.

[lix] Marriages (CR) Scotland. St George, Edinburgh. 7 June 1876. CAMPBELL, Colin and SIDEY, Frances Monteath. 685/1 144. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[lx] Census 1881. Scotland. Ayr, Ayrshire. 578/ 13/ 9 http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[lxi] Marriages. Australia, Marriage Index, 1788-1950. RD: Bowenfels, Vale of Clwydd, New South Wales. 1854 SIDEY, Charles and WALKER, Allison Isabella.  Vol.V  http://www.ancestry.co.uk

[lxii] Births (OPR) Scotland. Perth. 1823 SIDEY, Charles. 387/ 240 331 http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[lxiii] Births (OPR) Scotland. Perth. 1834 WALKER, Alison Isabella. 387/ 260 266 http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[lxiv] Census 1871. Scotland. Edinburgh, Midlothian. 685/1 77/ 4  http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[lxv] Census 1881. Scotland. Edinburgh, Midlothian. 685/1 91/ 21  http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[lxvi] Census 1901. England. Kensington, London. Class: RG13; Piece: 36; Folio: 54; Page: 54 http://www.ancestry.co.uk

[lxvii] Census 1881. Scotland. Ayr, Ayrshire. 578/ 13/ 9 http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[lxviii] Census 1911. England. Bath, Somerset. Class: RG14; Piece: 14682; Schedule Number: 187a http://www.ancestry.co.uk

[lxix] Dunford, June C. (2017) Colin Campbell at Loretto School. E-mail to author confirming Campbell’s attendance at the school. 24 April, 09.49. jdunford@loretto.com and Sinclair, Emma J (2017) Colin Campbell at Loretto School. E-mail to author confirming Campbell’s attendance at the school.  4 May, 14.22. emma.sinclair@loretto.com.

[lxx] Births (CR) Scotland. Glasgow. Searches 1877 – 1894. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[lxxi] Births (CR) Scotland. 16 March 1879 CAMPBELL, James Archibald Lochnell 685/1 599. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[lxxii] Budge, op.cit. p. 62.

[lxxiii] Deaths (SR) Scotland. Neuve Chapelle, France. 19 March 1915. CAMPBELL, James Archibald Lochnell. 137/ AF 174. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[lxxiv] Births (CR) England. Richmond, Surrey. 14 June 1888. CAMPBELL, Ronald Walker Francis. Church of England Baptisms, 1813-1912. Ref. 2069/1/2. http://www.ancestry.co.uk

[lxxv] Budge, op.cit. p. 62.

[lxxvi] Death Index (CR) England. Manchester, Lancashire. 3rd Qtr. 1916. CAMPBELL, Ronald Walker Francis. Vol. 8d. p. 194. Collection: England & Wales, Civil Registration Death Index, 1916-2007. http://www.ancestry.co.uk

[lxxvii] Budge, op.cit. p. 62.

[lxxviii] Births (CR) Scotland. Edinburgh, Mid Lothian. 26 January 1885. CAMPBELL, Colin Richard. 685/1 244. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[lxxix] Army Medal Office (Great Britain). WW1 Medal Index Card. CAMPBELL, Colin Richard. Collection: British Army Medal Index Cards, 1914-1920. http://search.findmypast.co.uk/record?id=gbm%2fmci%2f5434498

[lxxx] Testamentary Records. Scotland. 21 December 1933. CAMPBELL, Colin. National Probate Index (Calendar of Confirmations and Inventories), 1876-1936. Vol. 1933, p. c17. http://www.ancestry.co.uk

[lxxxi] Budge, op.cit. p. 61.

[lxxxii] Births (CR) Scotland. Edinburgh, Midlothian. 3 June 1880. CAMPBELL, Charles Graham. 685/1 1231. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[lxxxiii] Application for Membership of the Institute of Mechanical Engineers. 1 December 1902. CAMPBELL, Charles Graham. Collection: Mechanical Engineering Records, 1847-1930. p. 40 no. 4531. Collection: Mechanical Engineering Records, 1847-1930. p. 40 no. 4531. http://www.ancestry.co.uk

[lxxxiv] Membership of the Institute of Mechanical Engineers. 16 January 1903. CAMPBELL, Charles Graham. Collection: Mechanical Engineering Records 1847-1930, Register of Members. http://www.ancestry.co.uk

[lxxxv] Budge, op.cit. p. 60-62

[lxxxvi] Electoral Rolls. (1913) Australia. Wollondilly, New South Wales. CAMPBELL, Charles Graham. Collection: New South Wales State Electoral Roll 1913, vol. 16. http://search.findmypast.co.uk

[lxxxvii] Budge, op.cit. p. 60-62.

[lxxxviii] Marriages (CR) England. Eastbourne, Sussex. 3rd Qtr. 1930 CAMPBELL, Charles Graham and LAMBARDE, Debora Sylvester. Vol. 2b, page 154. Collection: England & Wales, Civil Registration Marriage Index, 1916-2005 http://www.ancestry.co.uk

[lxxxix] Featherstone Genealogy. http://www.featherstone.org/getperson.php?personID=I10037&tree=Southern_England

[xc] Budge, op.cit. p. 188-190.

[xci] Budge, op.cit. p. 61.62

[xcii] Passenger List for S.S. Oranje departing Southampton. CAMPBELL, Charles Graham and CAMPBELL, Debora Sylvester. 7 January 1955. Collection: UK, Outward Passenger Lists, 1890-1960. http://www.ancestry.co.uk

[xciii] [xciii] Passenger List for S.S. Capetown Castle departing Southampton. CAMPBELL, Charles Graham and CAMPBELL, Debora Sylvester. 9 January 1958. Collection: UK, Outward Passenger Lists, 1890-1960. http://www.ancestry.co.uk

[xciv] Deaths Index (CR) England and Wales. St Marylebone, London. 1971. CAMPBELL, Charles Graham. Collection: England & Wales, Civil Registration Death Index, 1916-2007. http://www.ancestry.co.uk

[xcv] Marriages (PR) England and Wales. Kensington and Chelsea. 23 April 1914. CAMPBELL, James Archibald Lochnell and BLACK, Dorothy Rosalinda Frances. Collection: Church of England Marriages and Banns, 1754-1921. http://www.ancestry.co.uk

[xcvi] Budge, op.cit. p. 188-190.

 

 

Charles Rennie Mackintosh Genealogy

I became interested in Charles Rennie Mackintosh when researching the architect John Keppie. (see John Keppie – Architect) Not in terms of his artistic prowess or architectural innovation but simply to find out what his family’s background was.

Where did Charles Rennie Mackintosh’s family originate from? Both his paternal and maternal lineages have proved difficult to fully establish however three of his four sets of great grandparents have, at least, been identified, but little else has been discovered about them. The information about his grandparents is also patchy with no direct evidence of his maternal or paternal grandparent’s marriages, both being indicated in census returns or deaths registrations only.

What is clear is that his forebears are a mixture of Irish and Scottish born individuals whose origins include County Cavan, Fife, and Ayrshire.

Paternal Lineage.

Generation 1. Parents: William McIntosh and Margaret Rennie.

Figure 1 William McIntosh

William McIntosh was born in 1836 at Belturbet in Ireland.[i] His parents were Hugh McIntosh and Marjory (May) Morrice (Morris).[ii] In 1851 he was living with his parents at 94 Glebe Street in the Barony parish of Glasgow and was working as a store clerk.[iii] Seven years later on the 17th March 1858 he became a clerk with the Glasgow Police. The records indicate he was age 22 and was 5ft. 11in. tall.[iv] He continued to live in the family home in Glebe Street until his marriage to Margaret Rennie on the 4th August 1862 at 54 McIntosh Street, Dennistoun,[v] the home of his brother Thomas.[vi] In the registration document he is described as a mercantile clerk[vii] which is clearly an error as police records show he had unbroken service until his retirement.[viii]

Figure 2 Tug of War Medals

Soon after joining the police he became an inspector, in charge of the Chief Constable’s office. He was promoted Lieutenant in 1864 and Superintendent in 1889, still within the Chief Constable’s office, his particular focus being the administration and organisation of the force. He had a keen interest in sport and was a founder member of the Glasgow Police Athletic and Rowing Club in 1882. He was a skilled rifle marksman and won trophies as a founder member of the 19th Lanarkshire Rifle Volunteers. He was also captain of the Tug-of-War team and led the team in competitions at the 1888 Glasgow Exhibition and in Paris in 1889.[ix]

In January 2016 five silver tug-of-war medals he won were sold by Easy Live Auctions[x] to the Glasgow Police Heritage Society and are now on display in the Police Museum in Bell Street. (see figure 2) The awards were for 2nd or 3rd place at the Govan Burgh, Partick Burgh or Aberdeen Sports held between 1894 and 1898.

Margaret Rennie was born circa 1836 in Ayr, the daughter of Charles Rennie and Martha Spence.  At the time of her marriage she was working as a muslin darner and lived at 121 Great Hamilton Street, Glasgow.[xi]

William and Margaret had eleven children:

Martha, born at 54 McIntosh Street on the 22nd March 1863[xii], died unmarried on the 16 August 1925.[xiii]
Isabella Marjory, born at 74 Parson Street on the 28th November 1864[xiv], married Robert Dingwall (commercial traveller) in 1896[xv], thought to have died in Darlington, England in 1946, no substantive proof.
William Hugh, born at 70 Parson Street on the 21st September 1866[xvi], died before 1908[xvii].
Charles Rennie Mackintosh 1868-1928
Margaret Rennie, born at 70 Parson Street on the 6th April 1870[xviii], married Robert Williamson Cleland (coal merchant then thread manufacturer’s clerk) on the 20th November 1906[xix], died on the 1st February 1924[xx].
Agnes Mary, born at 70 Parson Street on the 23rd November 1871[xxi], died in 1872[xxii]
Cecilia Bruce, born at 70 Parson Street on the 22nd June 1873[xxiii], died in 1877[xxiv]
Ellen Eliza Robinson, born at 2 Firpark Terrace in 1875[xxv], died in 1878
Thomas David, born at 2 Firpark Terrace on the 17th June 1878[xxvi], died in 1879[xxvii].
Ellen Eliza, born at 2 Firpark Terrace on the 4th February 1881[xxviii], married William Lamb Gibb (confectioner) in 1926[xxix], died in Glasgow, (lived in Milngavie) in 1965[xxx].
Agnes, born at 2 Firpark Terrace on the 2nd August 1883.[xxxi]

Margaret McIntosh died at 2 Firpark Terrace on the 9th December 1885, cause of death was cardiac hypertrophy and cerebral haemorrhage.[xxxii] Charles Rennie Mackintosh was aged 17 years, already an apprentice architect. Two of his sisters were under the age of 5 years.

In the preface to the first edition of his book on Charles Rennie Mackintosh Thomas Howarth states that he is “indebted to Miss Nancy Mackintosh, and Mrs Gibb, his sisters”, for conversations he had with them when writing his book. Later in the preface he describes Nancy as Mackintosh’s youngest sister. [xxxiii] I’m certain this is Agnes, Nancy being synonymous with, or a diminutive of, Agnes. It’s perhaps worth making the point that these two ladies, the only surviving siblings by 1946, would have no personal knowledge of Mackintosh’s childhood, therefore that period of his life could only be illustrated anecdotally by them. On the 5th April 1947 Nancy (Agnes) opened the Mackintosh Room in the Glasgow School of Art.[xxxiv]

William married again on the 8th June 1892 to 42 year old widow Christina Forrest (nee McVicar). [xxxv] At this time he was still living in Firpark Terrace with his five surviving daughters[xxxvi] which is where he continued to live with his new wife until late in 1892 when the family moved to 2 Regent Park Square.[xxxvii]

Circa 1894 they then moved to Holmwood Cottage in Langside Avenue which faced into the Queen’s Park.[xxxviii] (not to be confused with ‘Greek’ Thomson’s Holmwood House in Netherlee Road!). This cottage appears to have been built around 1884[xxxix], its owner being Alexander Morton, a messenger at arms and a private detective. It was from this gentleman that McIntosh rented the cottage.[xl] They lived there for just over two years, moving to 27 Regent Park Square in 1896 [xli] where William lived for the rest of his life.

Figure 3 Commemorative Plate

He retired from the police on the 30th September 1899 after forty one years’ and was presented with the silver tray in the photograph to commemorate his dedication and service to the Glasgow Police Force.[xlii]  He died from heart disease on the 10th February 1908[xliii], leaving an estate valued at £482 10s 7d, included in which was 50 shares in the Rangers Football Club Ltd., reference certificate 134, each share valued at 12s. His daughter Martha Mackintosh was his executor. His inventory indicates that that he was survived by five daughters and one son. They were CRM, Margaret Rennie, Martha, Isabella Marjory, Ellen Eliza (Mrs Gibb), and Agnes (Nancy)[xliv].

One final point; when did William McIntosh, (and his family) change their name to the anglified Mackintosh? In 1892 when he remarried; the last use of McIntosh was in the 1891 census. Having said that the original spelling was continued with in the Post Office directories until his retirement. In my view the reason for the change is not particularly clear, some sources think it was to move away from an ‘Irish’ spelling of the name, others because of an estrangement between CRM and his father. If CRM initiated the change maybe he just wanted to be different, adding to his ‘avant garde’ style and his growing reputation for artistic flair and innovation.

Paternal Lineage.

Generation 2.  Grandparents: Hugh McIntosh and Marjory (May) Morrice (Morris).

Hugh McIntosh was born sometime between 1797 and 1801 in Paisley, Renfrewshire.[xlv] His parents were James McIntosh, a distiller, and Isabella Morrison.[xlvi] In the 1851 census Hugh is recorded as a distiller and is married to Marjory Morris. No registration of their marriage has been discovered.

They lived in the Barony parish of Glasgow along with three of their five sons and their daughter, all of whom were born in Ireland.[xlvii] They were as follows:

Robert, born circa 1828.[xlviii]
Hugh, born circa 1831[xlix], married Elizabeth Semple in 1858[l] and had several children[li], died in 1895, occupation given as engineer.[lii]
Thomas, born circa 1833, was a clerk in an iron foundry in 1851.[liii]
James, born circa 1834.[liv]
William McIntosh 1836-1908.
Marjory, born circa 1841.[lv]

The family lived in Belturbet until 1844 when they returned to Scotland and settled in Glebe Street.[lvi]

Why the family was in Ireland from circa 1828 to 1844 is not particularly clear however Belturbet was the location of the distillery of Messrs Dickson and Dunlop and Co. which was established in 1825 and expanded in 1830, producing 90,000 to 100,000 gallons of whiskey per annum.[lvii] It seems reasonable therefore to assume that Hugh with Marjory moved there sometime between 1825 and 1828 because he found work at the distillery.

On the family’s return to Scotland Hugh McIntosh did not remain a distiller, becoming a clerk in an iron works sometime before 1861,[lviii] working as such for the rest of his life in various industries and being described as a mercantile clerk.

Marjory (May) Morris was born on the 16th December 1797 in Methil in the parish of Weymss, Fife. Her parents were Robert Morris (Morrice) and May (Marjory) Adamson.[lix] She died at 94 Glebe Street on the 18th August 1855, cause of death dysentery, having lived in Glasgow for eleven years with her husband and children, confirming the family return from Ireland in 1844. Her son Hugh registered the death.[lx]

Hugh McIntosh died at 208 Garngad Hill, Glasgow on the 28th June 1873, cause of death was recorded as “Age”.[lxi]

Paternal Lineage.

Generation 3.  Great Grandparents:

  1. James McIntosh and Isabella Morrison.

This research has not established any vital records for these names in Britain or in Ireland.

  1. Robert Morris and May Adamson.

Robert Morris (Morrice) married May Adamson in Weymss parish on the 5th January 1790. He was a sailor.[lxii] They had seven children, six daughters and one son, the fourth of whom was Marjory (May).[lxiii]  No other information has been established.

Maternal Lineage.

Generation 2.  Grandparents: Charles Rennie and Martha Spence.

Charles Rennie’s birth and death dates have not been established. Using various search criteria forty nine births are recorded in the Old Parish Records (OPR) between 1553 and 1854, none of which occurred in Ayr, (see Howarth) some possibles exist between 1780 and 1795 but are unlikely as they relate to individuals born in Aberdeenshire or in the East of Scotland.

Nine deaths are recorded in the OPR, none of which are in Ayr. Similarly between 1855 and 1862 there are no Ayr deaths of that name in the Statutory Records (SR).There was one possibility who died in Bo’ness in 1859 however he was a labourer, who was a widower. 1862 was chosen as according to Margaret Rennie and William McIntosh’s marriage registration document he was already dead by that time. He was described as having been a coach proprietor in that document.

Re his marriage to Martha Spence (as per the marriage registration mentioned above) no such marriage can be found in any of the OPR, anywhere in Scotland.

No record of the Rennie family in any of the 1841, 1851 and 1861 censuses has been found.

Martha Spence’s family background has also proved difficult to definitively establish. However there are strong clues to who her parents were and when she died.

A search of OPR births produced fourteen results, eleven of which can be discounted as being too early or too late. Of the three that are left one is from Ayr which is, I believe, correct. The others are from Dunfermline.

The Ayr one indicates that Martha Spence was born on the 21st September 1812. Her parents were Peter Spence and Sarah Johnston.[lxiv]

A search of SR deaths for Martha Rennie between 1862 (she was alive at the time of her daughter’s marriage) and 1900 produced no acceptable results. However when a search was made for Martha Spence there was one only registration from Ayr (out of nineteen results). This document confirmed her parents as detailed above however it seems she had married (again?) as she was described as being the widow of William Godfrey, a cabinet maker. She died on the 19th December 1885, ten days after her daughter Margaret’s death, at 36 Main Street, Newton Ayr, cause of death was a carcinoma.[lxv]

Re her apparent second marriage I could not establish any marriage either before 1855 or after, between a Godfrey and a Spence, regardless of forenames.

Maternal Lineage.

Generation 3.  Great Grandparents:

  1. Unknown
  1. Peter Spence and Sarah Johnston

Peter Spence married Sarah Johnston on the 29th December 1802 at Newton on Ayr.[lxvi] A search of the 1841 census naming Peter and Sarah produced one result for the whole of Scotland and that was in Ayr. He was described as a cotton hand loom weaver, age 66 years, born in Ireland. Sarah was age 56 years also born in Ireland.[lxvii] When his daughter Martha was born in 1812 he was described as a soldier in the Ayrshire Militia,[lxviii] when she died in 1885 he was recorded as being a Sergeant in the Militia.[lxix]

Acknowledgement: Many thanks to the volunteer staff of the excellent Glasgow Police Museum (http://www.policemuseum.org.uk) and in particular to the curator Alastair Dinsmor for his help with William McIntosh’s police career. The photographs are my own by kind permission of the museum.

[i] Registry. City of Glasgow Police Force. Mitchell Library, Glasgow. Reference: SR.55. 3, page 38.

[ii] Marriages (CR) Scotland. High Church, Glasgow. 4 August 1862. MCINTOSH, William and RENNIE, Margaret. 644/2 185. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[iii] Census. 1851 Scotland. Barony, Glasgow. 622/ 28/11. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[iv] Registry. City of Glasgow Police Force. Mitchell Library, Glasgow. Reference: SR.55. 3, page 38.

[v] Marriages (CR) Scotland. High Church, Glasgow. 4 August 1862. MCINTOSH, William and RENNIE, Margaret. 644/2 185. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[vi] Valuation Rolls (1865) Scotland. Glasgow. 54 McIntosh Street. MACINTOSH, Thomas. VR010200139-/282. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[vii] Marriages (CR) Scotland. High Church, Glasgow. 4 August 1862. MCINTOSH, William and RENNIE, Margaret. 644/2 185. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[viii] Registry. City of Glasgow Police Force. Mitchell Library, Glasgow. Reference: SR.55. 3, page 38.

[ix] Ibid and Glasgow Police Heritage Society. The McIntosh Connection. http://gphs1800.tripod.com/Personalities.

[x]  Easy Live Auctions. Five Tug of War Medals, lot 569. https://www.easyliveauction.com

[xi] Marriages (CR) Scotland. High Church, Glasgow. 4 August 1862. MCINTOSH, William and RENNIE, Margaret. 644/2 185. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xii] Births (CR) Scotland. High Church, Glasgow. 22 March 1863. MCINTOSH, Martha. 644/2 561. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xiii] Deaths (CR) Scotland. Cathcart, Lanark. 16 August 1925. MACKINTOSH, Martha. 633/B 475 http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xiv] Births (CR) Scotland. Central District, Glasgow. 28 November 1864. MCINTOSH, Isabella Marjory. 644/1 2290. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xv] Marriages (CR) Scotland. Blythswood, Glasgow. 21 April 1896. DINGWALL, Robert and MACKINTOSH, Isabella Marjory. 644/7 223 http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xvi] Births (CR) Scotland. Central District, Glasgow. 21 September 1866. MCINTOSH, William Hugh. 644/1 1952.

http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xvii] Testamentary Records. Scotland. 18 March 1908. MACKINTOSH, William. Inventory. Glasgow Sheriff Court Inventories. SC36/48/211. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xviii] Births (CR) Scotland. Central District, Glasgow. 6 April 1870. MCINTOSH, Margaret Rennie. 644/1 866

http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xix] Marriages (CR) Scotland. Blythswood, Glasgow. CLELAND, Robert Williamson and MACKINTOSH, Margaret Rennie. 644/7 1264. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xx] Deaths (CR) Scotland. Cathcart, Lanark. 1 February 1924. CLELAND, Margaret Rennie. 633/B 94 http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xxi] Births (CR) Scotland. Central District, Glasgow. 23 November 1871. MCINTOSH, Agnes Mary 644/1 2361.

http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xxii] Deaths (CR) Scotland. Central District, Glasgow. 1872. MCINTOSH, Agnes Mary. 644/1 906

http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xxiii] Births (CR) Scotland. Central District, Glasgow. 23 June 1873. MCINTOSH, Cecilia Bruce. 644/1 1391.

http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xxiv] Deaths (CR) Scotland. Dennistoun, Lanark. 1877 MCINTOSH, Cecilia Bruce. 644/3 52.

http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xxv] Births (CR) Scotland. Dennistoun, Lanark. 1875. MCINTOSH, Elle Eliza Robinson. 644/3 1207.

http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

Deaths (CR) Scotland. Dennistoun, Lanark. 23 December 1878. MCINTOSH, Ellen Eliza Robinson. 644/3 1793.

http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xxvi] Births (CR) Scotland. Dennistoun, Lanark. 17 June 1878. MCINTOSH, Thomas David. 644/3 1061

http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xxvii] Deaths (CR) Scotland. Dennistoun, Lanark. 1879. MCINTOSH, Thomas David. 644/3 37.

http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xxviii] Births (CR) Scotland. Dennistoun, Lanark. 4 February 1881. MCINTOSH, Ellen Eliza. 644/3 295.

http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xxix] Marriages (CR) Scotland. Cathcart, Lanark. 4 November 1926. GIBB, William Lamb and MCINTOSH, Ellen Eliza. 633/B 344. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xxx] Deaths (CR) Scotland. Glasgow, Glasgow. 30 September 1965. GIBB, Ellen Eliza. 644/2 841 http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xxxi] Births (CR) Scotland. Dennistoun, Lanark. 2 August 1883. MCINTOSH, Agnes 644/3 1434.

http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xxxii] Deaths (CR) Scotland. Dennistoun, Lanark. 9 December 1885. MCINTOSH, Margaret. 644/3 1901 http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xxxiii] Howarth, Thomas (1977) Charles Rennie Mackintosh and the Modern Movement. 2nd ed. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd. pp. xvii to xix.

[xxxiv] Ibid. p.294.

[xxxv] Marriages. (CR) Scotland. Blythswood, Glasgow. 8 June 1892. MACKINTOSH, William and FORREST, Christina. 644/7 276. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xxxvi] Census 1891 Scotland. Barony, Glasgow. 644/3 82/3. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xxxvii] Directories. Scotland. (1892-93) Post Office annual Glasgow Directory. William McIntosh. p.411.

http://digital.nls.uk/directories/browse/pageturner.cfm?id=84664838

[xxxviii] Directories. Scotland. (1894-95) Post Office annual Glasgow Directory. William McIntosh. p.419.

http://digital.nls.uk/directories/browse/pageturner.cfm?id=86363330

[xxxix] Its first appearance in the Valuation Rolls is 1885, Alexander Morton is shown as the proprietor/occupier. He is also listed at that address in the PO Directory of 1884-85 p.457. There are no entries for that address in the Directories before that date, Morton previously staying in Annette Street.

[xl] Valuation Rolls (1855) Scotland. Glasgow, Cathcart. William McIntosh and Alex. Morton. VR01020047-/428.

http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk:

[xli] Directories. Scotland. (1896-97) Post Office annual Glasgow Directory. William McIntosh. p.356.

http://digital.nls.uk/directories/browse/pageturner.cfm?id=84683983

[xlii] Registry. City of Glasgow Police Force. Mitchell Library, Glasgow. Reference: SR.55. 3, page 38.

[xliii] Deaths (CR) Scotland. Pollokshields, Glasgow. 10 February 1908. MACKINTOSH, William. 644/18 72

http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xliv] Testamentary Records. Scotland. 18 March 1908. MACKINTOSH, William. Inventory. Glasgow Sheriff Court Inventories. SC36/48/211. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xlv] Census 1851 Scotland. Barony, Glasgow. 622/ 28/11. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xlvi] Deaths (CR) Scotland High Church District, Glasgow. 28 June 1873. MCINTOSH, Hugh. 644/2 1295

http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xlvii] Census 1851 Scotland. Barony, Glasgow. 622/ 28/11. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xlviii] Deaths (CR) Scotland. Central District, Glasgow. 18 August 1855. MCINTOSH, Marjory. 644/1 1151.

http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[xlix] Census 1851 Scotland. Barony, Glasgow. 622/ 28/11. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[l] Marriages. (CR) Scotland. Port Glasgow, Renfrewshire. 16 March 1858. MCINTOSH, HUGH and SEMPLE, Elizabeth. 574/ 14. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[li] Census 1871 Scotland. Townhead, Glasgow. 644/2 24/21. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[lii] Deaths. (CR) Scotland. Dennistoun, Glasgow. 27 October 1895. MCINTOSH, Hugh. 644/3 1919http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[liii] Census 1851 Scotland. Barony, Glasgow. 622/ 28/11. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[liv] Deaths (CR) Scotland. Central District, Glasgow. 18 August 1855. MCINTOSH, Marjory. 644/1 1151.

http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[lv] Census 1851 Scotland. Barony, Glasgow. 622/ 28/11. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[lvi] Deaths (CR) Scotland. Central District, Glasgow. 18 August 1855. MCINTOSH, Marjory. 644/1 1151.

http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[lvii] 2016 © Belturbet Community Development Association The Belturbet Distillery 1825-1885

http://discoverbelturbet.ie/about-belturbet/the-belturbet-distillery-heritage-information

[lviii] Census 1861 Scotland. Barony, Glasgow. 644/1 95/14. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[lix] Births (OPR) Scotland. Wemyss, Fife. 16 December 1797. MORRICE, May. 459/ 40 207. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[lx] Deaths (CR) Scotland. Central District, Glasgow. 18 August 1855. MCINTOSH, Marjory. 644/1 1151.

http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[lxi] Deaths (CR) Scotland. High Church, Glasgow. 28 June 1873. MCINTOSH, Hugh. 644/2 1295.

http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[lxii] Marriages, (OPR) Scotland. Wemyss, Fife. 5 January 1790. MORRICE, Robert and ADAMSON, May. 459/ 40 433. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[lxiii] Births (OPR) Scotland. Wemyss, Fife. 1790 to 1809. MORRICE. References: 459/ 40 105; 459/ 40 143; 459/ 40 176; 459/ 40 207; 459/ 40 272; 459/ 40 301; 459/ 40 318. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[lxiv] Births. (OPR) Scotland. Ayr. 21 September 1812. SPENCE, Martha. 578/ 60 75. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[lxv] Deaths (CR) Scotland. Ayr, Ayrshire. 19 December 1885. SPENCE, Martha. 578/ 467. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[lxvi] Marriages (OPR) Scotland. Newton, Ayrshire 29 December 1802. SPENCE, Peter and JOHNSTON, Sarah. 612/2 10 341. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[lxvii] Census 1841 Scotland. St.Quivox, Ayrshire. 612/ 16/ 7. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[lxviii] Births. (OPR) Scotland. Ayr. 21 September 1812. SPENCE, Martha. 578/ 60 75. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk

[lxix] Deaths (CR) Scotland. Ayr, Ayrshire. 19 December 1885. SPENCE, Martha. 578/ 467. http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk